Adapalene disrupts the transfer of melanosomes and speeds up your body’s removal of pigmented skin cells.
Azelaic acid is an anti-inflammatory and a tyrosinase inhibitor that reduces the synthesis of melanin.
Arbutin works by inhibiting the cellular enzymes in skin cells that create pigment.
Desonide prevents the release of substances in the skin that cause inflammation and leads to skin darkening.
Ferulic acid protects your skin against free radicals when used in combination with other antioxidants like vitamins C and E.
Hydroquinone interrupts the formation and synthesis of melanin to help lighten dark patches of skin.
Kojic acid traps free radicals and acts as a tyrosinase inhibitor to stop the production of melanin.
Lipoic Acid is an antioxidant that is 400 times stronger than vitamin C E. It decreases swelling, inflammation, and puffiness.
Tretinoin is a form of vitamin A that reduces the appearance of skin discoloration.
Ascorbic acid acts as a reducing agent at various oxidative steps of pigment formation inhibiting the process (it can also keep your cut apples from turning brown!).